And now the shift from the protection of sound doctrine to the practice of sound doctrine.
This connection between belief & behavior must be grasped by all Christians if we’re to be in the world but not of the world! Christians are called to engage the culture around them. We are to be culture changers, and that requires credible lives that have been transformed to the point that they are engaging and inviting. Christians will never impact the culture around them through distance and withdrawal. (JT)
Making God’s word Attractive! & Living differently in the Power of Grace!
Titus 2:1-3 But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine. Older men are to be sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness. Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good,
Verse one in other translations:
- Phillips – Titus 2:1 Now you must tell them the sort of character which should spring from sound teaching.
- KJV Teach that which becomes sound doctrine…
- NASB Teach that which is fitting with sound doctrine…
Accords or fitting is the Greek word “prépō” – To be eminent, distinguished, to excel. In the NT usually in the impersonal form prépei, it means becoming, proper.
Paul describes “sound doctrine” as becoming, fitting, excellent, distinguished and I might add “elegant.” He wants Titus to teach and practice that which expresses the elegance and beauty of sound doctrine.
So Chapter two has some insights in how we are to make the Word of God Attractive to the culture around us.
I. Top down elegance (1-3)
(1) The Older men and women set the mark for elegance of the Word.
- Whether young or old, married or single, we are all needed in the local church.
- Older believers are especially important
(2) Your Influence is greater than you think!
(3) The churches impact on the culture depends upon the beauty of the Older believers!
Regardless of age, gender, occupation, or any other classification, God calls us to live differently in whatever environment we find ourselves! “All true believers are expected to have faith reflected in their conduct & to have their conduct affirm their faith!” (Kent Hughes)
A. Older Men!
(2 – Older men are to be sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness.)
(1) Older Men should be distinguished with the beauty of the Gospel
- Zechariah (80) and Paul (50’s) were called ‘old man’ in Scriptures
- This is Top down Body Life
- Top Down Body Life is sustainable and produces Godly Impact.
(2) Sober – abstain from wine or at least from its immoderate use (always clear –headed)
“Sober” is nēphalios, “abstaining from wine, either entirely or at least from its immoderate use.”Kenneth S. Wuest, Wuest’s Word Studies – Volume 2: Word Studies in the Greek New Testament, (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1973), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, 190.
(3) Dignified – noble, respected and admired. They have majestic and awe-inspiring qualities that do not repel but attract people. The presence of Christ is seen.
“Grave” is semnos, “august noble, venerable, reverent.” Kenneth S. Wuest, Wuest’s Word Studies – Volume 2: Word Studies in the Greek New Testament, (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1973), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, 190. Semnós represents not only earthly dignity, but that which is derived from a higher citizenship, a heavenly one, which is the possession of all believers. There lies something of majestic and awe-inspiring qualities in semnós which does not repel but rather invites and attracts Spiros Zodhiates, The Complete Word Study Dictionary – New Testament, (Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 1993), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “ÏƒÎµÎ¼Î½ÏŒÏ‚”.
(4) Self-controlled-self-restrained, his passions and desires are all under the cross.
self-disciplined in one’s freedom, self-restrained in all passions and desires. Spiros Zodhiates, The Complete Word Study Dictionary – New Testament, (Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 1993), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “ÏƒÏŽÏ†ÏÏ‰Î½”.
(5) Sound (Vitality) in Faith (personal relationship w/God); (You know He sees God in every circumstance)
(6) Sound in Love (relationship w/others);
(7) Sound in Steadfastness (bear up well under the stress, endurance as to things or circumstances) –Go to guy when your world is falling apart.
The Older Men establish the benchmark for everyone in the church to attain to.
God always works TOP DOWN when He wants to impact the church and the community!
B. Older Women! (3)
Titus 2:3-5 Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good, and so train the young women to love their husbands and children, to be self-controlled, pure, working at home, kind, and submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be reviled.
(1) Reverent in behavior – Becoming for they act like sacred people.
(2) Avoiding the ugliness of gossip & drunkenness.
(3) Teachers of Good (Phillips-examples of the good life)-training and schooling the younger (neo) mom’s and wives.
- They should channel their energy into mentoring the new wives and mom’s.
- Train the new moms and wives by bringing them to their right minds and
- To know the way to love their husbands and children.
(4) Pure – not defiled
(5) Caring for the home
(7) So that people will not treat the Word of God with irreverence or regard it as nothing of God.
1 Peter 3:1-6 Likewise, wives, be subject to your own husbands, so that even if some do not obey the word, they may be won without a word by the conduct of their wives, when they see your respectful and pure conduct. Do not let your adorning be external—the braiding of hair and the putting on of gold jewelry, or the clothing you wear— but let your adorning be the hidden person of the heart with the imperishable beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which in God’s sight is very precious. For this is how the holy women who hoped in God used to adorn themselves, by submitting to their own husbands, as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord. And you are her children, if you do good and do not fear anything that is frightening.
Q: Where are the older Women?
- Older women get involved in discipling younger women.
- Discipling young moms in matters of family & Christian lifestyle.
- Focus on their responsibilities to live out the Word of God toward their husband and their children, and bringing the power of the Word of God into their home.
- You have a command to be “Titus Two-ing!”
Where have we gone wrong in the 21st century church? The same way they went wrong in the 1st century church. When each one became self-focused instead of body-focused, the church declined in spiritual power, families broke up and churches became divided. The culture looks at the church as says, “you have nothing for me.” Your families are messed up, your children are just like mine, your full of strife and worry and stress, just like me.
Church becomes a show, a form of godliness, a feel-good assembly, but there is no community, no power to build Godly marriages and families.
So discipleship and community and mentorship become foreign phrases, and we focus on the speaker of the music or the facilities or the children’s ministries. Church becomes a convenience that we fit into our busy, hectic, stressful lives.
For a church to be set in order and effective according to Paul, there must be leadership from men and women who pour their lives into the young people who will follow them. There should be a personal investment in regular fellowship, disciplined worship, & church community life! The Older Christians are to make the Word of God ATTRACTIVE through inviting lives! (Not judgmental lives)
C. THE YOUNGER SAINTS! (4-8)
(1) Younger Women! (4,5) (READ)
a. They should learn how to love their families & live godly lives.
b. Paul says to young wives make family your highest priority!
(2) Younger Men! (6-8)
URGE is Parakaleo – come alongside them and work with them on being sound-minded, in touch with the realities of life, the importance of family. Life is not about money!
a. They should display sensibility.
Sober-minded – sound-minded, to exercise self-control, to have one’s total life under control of the mind.
b. They should be a positive role model! People are watching their lives
One pagan said after receiving a gospel tract from a zealous missionary, “Thank you for this tract, now I will watch your tracks and decide about becoming a Christian.”
Years ago the communist government in China commissioned an author to write a biography of Hudson Taylor with the purpose of distorting the facts and presenting him in a bad light. They wanted to discredit the name of this consecrated missionary of the gospel. As the author was doing his research, he was increasingly impressed by Taylor’s saintly character and godly life, and he found it extremely difficult to carry out his assigned task with a clear conscience. Eventually, at the risk of losing his life, he laid aside his pen, renounced his atheism, and received Jesus as his personal Savior.
c. Teaching must be with integrity (not for gain or position, but with genuine concern)
d. Demonstrate dignity
e. Sound Speech (that cannot be condemned)
f. No one opposed to the Gospel can say anything evil about you.
D. All four groups have this same word - self-control!
(1) Freedom in Christ doesn’t give believers the liberty to cast off all moral restraint.
(2) Nor does it call for a withdrawal from life & its temptations.
(3) It calls for a self-disciplined life following Christ’s example of being in the world but not of the world.
(4) It calls for Christians to live sensibly & reasonably!
a. The Christian Church effects the community only as it functions as a caring, discipling community of growth into the reality of the Life of Jesus Christ
b. Our actions must be considered in light of their effects upon others!
c. Seek the others good!
E. THE BONDSERVANT SAINTS! (9-10) (EMPLOYEES)
Titus 2:9-10 Slaves are to be submissive to their own masters in everything; they are to be well-pleasing, not argumentative, not pilfering, but showing all good faith, so that in everything they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior.
(1) Slaves were to be examples
- They should not revolt but submit to their masters, work hard to please them, avoid arguing with them, resist stealing from them(“I deserve this since he isn’t paying me enough!”)
(2) They adorn the Gospel through their behavior
- They must work in good faith so that, “so that in every way they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive”(NIV).
It was a custom among the Greeks as well as the Jews not only to erect, but also to repair and adorn the monuments of those who had merited them or who had suffered an undeserved death – ADORN THE CRUCIFIED CHRIST WITH YOUR LIFE
Q: Do you adorn the doctrine of God our Savior? (i.e. make it attractive with your life?)
(3) (vs 10) Not pilfering – thieving, to embezzle.
(4) What happens here? – Paul doesn’t tell them to rebel??? No, but he does remind them now that they have salvation & their Master doesn’t…
- they are master of their superiors future!
- This is how lowly slaves can impact their culture!
F. (5,8,10) “That”
Each occurrence begins a clause that expresses the goal or purpose of the behavior that is encouraged.
(1) Vs 5 – (that the Word) Proper Christian behavior has a significant impact on pagan attitudes toward Christianity!
(2) Vs 8 – (That as opponents) It silences its opponents by correct Christian teaching.
(3) Vs 10 – (so that you may adorn) It attracts a lost world to Christianity.
Poor Testimony – During the Spanish conquest of Mexico under Hernando Cortez in the early 1500s, a resistance leader named Hatney was captured after a fierce battle and sentenced to be burned alive. After tying him to the stake, his captors urged him to become a Christian so that at his death his soul might be given an entrance into heaven. He asked his tormentors if they expected to go to this place. On being told that they did, he cried out, “Then I will not be a Christian, for I would not again go to a place where I would find men so cruel!” – H.V.L. Our Daily Bread, June 18
- How we live either blasphemes the word (vs 5) or beatifies it!
- Adorn = your life is decoration and tribute to the crucified Son of God. You can be an enticement to folks sick of the culture.
Back in 1985 a 40’, 45-ton, Humpback whale made a wrong turn during his migration along the California coast. Well-wishing friends affectionately named the humpback whale Humphrey. The wayward mammal became a national celebrity when he turned into San Francisco Bay, swam under the Golden Gate Bridge, and managed to navigate 70 miles up river. For more than 3 weeks, Humphrey defied all efforts to get him back to salt water. Finally, marine biologists tried to lure him with the recorded sounds of feeding humpbacks. It worked. Humphrey responded to the “happy humpbacks” and followed “them” back to the Pacific.
- Everyone has the role of making God real to someone else!
II. LIVING DIFFERENTLY, IN THE POWER OF GRACE! (11-15)
A. The Grace of God not only saves us but also teaches us how to live the Christian life.
(1) Vs.11 & 14 show what God has done for us!
(2) Vs.12 & 13 show what we should do for God!
- We should live for Him & look for him!
(3) The Grace appeared in Jesus so that we can bring His Grace to our friends and neighbors.
Rom.5:10 “For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.”
“Only as we grasp the significance of God’s grace can we eagerly do what is pleasing to Him!”
C. Our PRESENT is different (12)
Q: What reasons does Paul give on why a Christian should live differently?
- What he should give up
- How he should now live.
(1) Say NO to ungodliness!
(2) Say YES to setting God before you in everything!
- We are surrounded by a world that doesn’t say “no” to anything!
- In fact, this world says yes to everything
A story is told of a young girl who accepted Christ as her Savior and applied for membership in a local church. “Were you a sinner before you received the Lord Jesus into your life?” inquired an old deacon. “Yes, sir,” she replied. “Well, are you still a sinner?” “To tell you the truth, I feel I’m a greater sinner than ever.” “Then what real change have you experienced?” “I don’t quite know how to explain it,” she said, “except I used to be a sinner running AFTER sin, but now that I am saved I’m a sinner running FROM sin!”
- Godlessness – Ignoring God’s authority over your life and decisions.
So what will ultimately make us holy?…not willpower, not guilt, not an inspiring message, but deep apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ.
The Puritans taught this truth w/the image of the live oak, a variety of trees whose leaves – though dead – stuck to their branches through the winter. What eventually forced the leaves from the tree was not the abuse of the cold or the beating of the wind, but the new life of springtime welling up w/in the branches & forcing out what was dead.
We are the same!
Our evil affections are replaced by Jesus Christ and all that He is. We don’t just talk about Him, we live with Him, through Him and because of Him. Just as the Ark of Testimony was not simply talked about, but was carried with you. It was at the center of the community. As the Grace of Christ works in your life it will bring Christ into your life.
D. LOOK AT OUR FUTURE! (13)
- What begins with grace will always lead to glory!
The return of Christ for His people is more than a blessed hope…
- it is a joyful hope(Rom.5:2);
- it is a unifying hope(Ep.4:4);
- it is a living hope(1 Pet.1:3);
- it is a stabilizing hope(Heb.6:19);
- it is a purifying hope(1 Jn.3:3).
Glorious appearing – to appear suddenly upon the scene.
A tourist who visited an exquisite garden on a lovely estate in Italy spoke to the caretaker: “How long have you been here?” he asked. “25 years.”
“And how often has the owner been to see the estate?” “4 times.”
“When did he come last?” “12 years ago.”
“Who comes then to look after things?” “I am left pretty much alone.”
“Yet you keep the garden so beautiful and spotless that one would think you were expecting the owner tomorrow.”
“Today, sir, today! replied the caretaker.”
E. THE REDEEMED! (14,15)
The highest & purest motivation for Christian behavior is not based on what we can do for God, but upon what God has done for us…& will yet do!
(15) Again Paul tells Titus to declare these things, to exhort and rebuke.
Let no one disregard you, “think around” you, act as if what you are saying is not important.
In all your ways make Christ known, and you will never be ignored or though past.
With Jesus Christ as your life, you are not one whom people can disregard.
Judges 16:28 Then Samson called to the LORD and said, “O Lord GOD, please remember me and please strengthen me only this once, O God, that I may be avenged on the Philistines for my two eyes.”
They could not ignore the power within Samson through God! You must not allow people to disregard the Power of Christ living in you!
 Spiros Zodhiates, The Complete Word Study Dictionary – New Testament, (Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 1993), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “prepo”.
. Spiros Zodhiates, The Complete Word Study Dictionary – New Testament, (Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 1993), WORDsearch CROSS e-book, Under: “kosméō.”
 Ibid; pg.77
 Warren Wiersbe; With the Word; pg. 807,808.